07 Jan 2021. Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in April 331 BC as Ἀλεξάνδρεια (Alexandreia). But two difficulties face the would-be excavator in Alexandria: lack of space for excavation and the underwater location of some areas of interest. Alexandria attracted scholars, scientists, philosophers, mathematicians, artists, & historians. [47], Among the places of worship, there are Muslim mosques. 2 He told Ibn Battuta that he should go find his three brothers, Farid Oddin, who lived in India, Rokn Oddin Ibn Zakarya, who lived in Sindia, and Borhan Oddin, who lived in China. One of the more sober descriptions, given by the historian Arrian, tells how Alexander undertook to lay out the city's general plan, but lacking chalk or other means, resorted to sketching it out with grain. El Iskandriyah. A few months after the foundation, Alexander left Egypt and never returned to the city during his life. They also have numerous galleries of statues and details leftover form this time. The past and present directors of the museum have been enabled from time to time to carry out systematic excavations whenever opportunity is offered; D. G. Hogarth made tentative researches on behalf of the Egypt Exploration Fund and the Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies in 1895; and a German expedition worked for two years (1898–1899). Some critics have advanced the idea that the builders of this masterpiece intended to make it a composite structure, combining the diverse elements of Egyptian and Greek art into a harmonious whole. It is a commercial port for general cargo and phosphates. Polybius, Diodorus and Strabo, three authors who visited Ptolemaic Alexandria and wrote about its early history, spoke about the Egyptian nature of this first cosmopolitan city in history. Alexandria was again ruined in 115 CE in the Kitos War and was again restored, this time by the Emperor Hadrian, who, as a man of learning, took great interest in Alexandria. The city grew from a small port town to become the grandest and most important metropolis in ancient Egypt. These have been steadily excavated by Professor Jean-Yves Empereur and his team who continue to bring to light the lost golden age of Alexandria. Religion is only the resume of the national ideas, thoughts, and character. After conquering Syria in 332 BCE, Alexander the Great swept down into Egypt with his army. This Ptolemy was not one of the rulers of ancient Egypt during the Roman era, but an important scholar at the Library of Alexandria. Cairo-Alexandria Agriculture Road (Alexandria –, This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 14:06. Mark, published on 02 May 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Have the unforgettable Cairo Excursion to Alexandria, spend unforgettable Trip visiting sightseeing in Alexandria. Also found in the same area are remains of public baths built by the emperor Justinian, a seawall, quays and a bridge. The wealth underground is doubtlessly immense; but despite all efforts, there is not much for antiquarians to see in Alexandria outside the museum and the neighborhood of "Pompey's Pillar". by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin (CC BY-NC-SA). An Egyptian village named Rhacotis existed at the location and grew into the Egyptian quarter of Alexandria. [citation needed]. This library, as well as the museum he built in Alexandria, supposedly burnt down in the 3rd century A.D., destroying irreplaceable scrolls (books) written on … He lived alone but was visited daily by emirs, viziers, and crowds that wished to eat with him. Alexandria was founded in c. 331 BC by Alexander the Great,[9] king of Macedon and leader of the Greek League of Corinth, during his conquest of the Achaemenid Empire. Egyptian Angel is a woody fragrance for men that has opening notes of Virginia cedar and rum, and middle notes of patchouli, dried fruits and nutmeg and it ends with sweet notes of vanilla and jasmine. Fare is generally L.E. [32] July and August are the hottest and driest months of the year, with an average daily maximum temperature of 30 °C (86 °F). There were many Alexandrias founded during Alexander the Great's conquering trips, but none so famous, large, or wealthy. Traces of its pavement and canal have been found near the Rosetta Gate, but remnants of streets and canals were exposed in 1899 by German excavators outside the east fortifications, which lie well within the area of the ancient city. Cairo. $ 107. Related Content It is considered the most reputable university in Egypt after the AUC American University in Cairo because of its worldwide recognition from board of engineers at UK & ABET in US. On 21 July 365, Alexandria was devastated by a tsunami (365 Crete earthquake),[17] an event annually commemorated years later as a "day of horror". Perhaps nowhere more than in Alexandria was this turn-about more apparent. Mark, J. J. Alexander's chief architect for the project was Dinocrates. [11] From ancient sources it is known there existed a trading post at this location during the time of Rameses the Great for trade with Crete, but it had long been lost by the time of Alexander's arrival. Governor, Flaccus, removed from the temple was built in the city about. The capital of Memphis the tomb of Alexander ( Soma ) and Robert (... Popular tourist destination, and buildings in the provinces and had the Roman Empire under the of... 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